Category: Vaccines & Diseases

Variables of Vaccinations in Dogs

    Companion pet caregivers have stated, “The vaccine didn’t work.” It could be so, although unlikely – depending on the vaccine given. Before we start assuming this to be true, several variables need to be considered. Let’s review some of the most common reasons. Bear in mind, these reasons could be THE reason, OR…

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Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Dogs

    Why is Lyme Disease arguably the most well-known tick-borne disease? One can surmise that the prevalence of Lyme Disease and the regular media coverage about it perpetuates its popularity. Of course, the name is easier to pronounce and remember than the other tick-borne diseases. Instead of talking about the disease first, let’s first…

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Leptospirosis in Dogs

    Reports of cases of leptospirosis have increased recently across the United States. Consequently, I am hearing concern from pet caregivers about whether they should or should not have their companion dogs vaccinated against leptospirosis. Let’s take a moment here to review leptospirosis disease, causes, symptoms, the vaccines, and treatment options. Other issues surrounding…

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Leishmaniasis: The Disease and Scientific Developments

    Leishmaniasis is of significant disease concern, especially in warmer tropical climates, and it is spreading because of global warming. With only a few incidents reported in North America, the majority of our readers do not currently have to worry about leishmaniasis based on their geographical location. Due to travel and climate change, however,…

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Tularemia (Rabbit Fever) and Pets

Tularemia is a rare disease, although we consider its prevalence to be rare based on the small number of reported cases and possibly mistaking it for another disease that manifests similar symptoms. Companion pets should be tested for it if they exhibit symptoms of the disease based on region they live in and lifestyle. Tularemia…

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Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis in Dogs

Immune-Mediated Polyarthritis (IMPA) is a relatively easy disease to understand, but what causes it can be confusing and affects the selection of treatment options. What is IMPA? Immune-mediated (aka autoimmune) conditions occur when the immune system is overactive and attacks the body in various ways. Hyperactive may be a more appropriate term because one part…

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Cancer Immunotherapy for Dogs

In my article about allergen-specific immunotherapies, I talked whereby the goal is for the body to reach a higher level of tolerance to an offending environmental agent such as pollen. On the other side, cancer immunotherapies are more about destroying. Immuno-oncology research has focused around training the body to find and fight cancer cells or…

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