Category: Vaccines & Diseases

A Survey of Canine Immunity to, and Vaccines for, Newer Flu Viruses

The 1918 influenza pandemic infected an estimated 500 million people worldwide and killed potentially 20 million people. In the United States, approximately 675,000 deaths were attributed to this particular virus, which originated in Europe and was carried throughout the world by troops returning home after World War I. It is important to remember that medical…

Read More

Know Your Bordetella Vaccine

Many boarding facilities and doggy daycares require your companion dog to have the Bordetella vaccine every six months or annually. This requirement may be due to laws (regional, local, or state), the facility’s insurance purposes, or the belief of those responsible. The shortened interval is because the duration of vaccinated immunity to Bordetella bronchiseptica lasts for only 6…

Read More

Immune Disorders and Vaccines

In the immunology community, we often toss out words that may cause confusion or appear contradictory. So, I felt that a definitional reference guide applicable to humans, dogs, cats and horses (actually, all species) may be useful. Immune Competence Immunity covers a spectrum from underactive to overactive. Immune competent or immunocompetent is the term referring to the state…

Read More

Nosodes Instead of Vaccines

Homeopathic nosodes are often touted as alternatives to conventional vaccines. In fact, I often suggest the homeopathic nosode remedies, Lyssin, along with Thuja, to help blunt the effects of potential and actual adverse vaccine reactions. However, I do not recommend nosodes to prevent or treat infectious diseases. They do not generate measurable humoral immunity; the B-cell response we want to protect…

Read More

Canine Influenza H3N2 Virus Updates

On April 9, 2015, I reported that five dogs had passed away from canine influenza out of 1,000 known cases in the Chicagoland area. Chicago is densely populated with dogs and provides a rich resource of social opportunities for them, so these factors would contribute to the flu spreading so quickly. Most of us assumed…

Read More

Diagnosing Atypical Cushing’s Disease/Syndrome in Dogs

    Background Canine hyperadrenocorticism (HAC; Cushing’s disease or syndrome) is a relatively common endocrinopathy in middle aged dogs, especially females. However, to confirm a suspected clinical diagnosis, adrenal function testing should be performed only in dogs with clinical and/or biochemical evidence of HAC, and not in dogs with non-adrenal related disease, as results are…

Read More

Observe Your Dog’s Urine Habits

    Last week, my article detailed how urinary incontinence can be simply a symptom of a larger medical condition and that spaying may not be the cause. This article will give you a more in-depth view of possible causes of incontinence that can be lessened or prevented. Incontinence can be caused by anatomical or…

Read More