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Top 10 Facts on Nutrition

1. Nutrition is the key to a healthy immune system and resistance to disease.2. Provide variety of whole, nutrient dense foods for health and longevity.3. Feed species appropriate diets; needed not just to survive but thrive.4. True food allergies rare; food intolerances common. Food elimination trials poorly followed.5. Dogs have become obligate omnivores; genome evolved…

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Top 10 Facts on Vaccines

1. “Core” vaccines important for puppies and kittens. 2. Other vaccines optional depending on location and lifestyle. 3. Annual boosters not required and usually unnecessary/unwise. 4. Vaccination may not equate to immunization; check serum titers to validate. 5. Long-term protection from canine distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus; feline panleukopenia. 6. Measure serum antibody (vaccine titers) instead annually…

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Top 10 Facts on Thyroid Disorders

1. All animals are not the same: young have higher thyroid levels old have lower levels small and toy dog breeds gave higher levels large and giant dog breeds have lower levels sighthound breeds have lower levels 2. Most common endocrine disorder of dogs 3. Most common endocrine disorder older cats after diabetes 4. Thyroid…

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Homemade and Commercial Diets for Dogs with Health Conditions

This article is prefaced by some background review. First, six different processing steps pertain todog and cat foods: Raw – Consists of one or more animal or bird meats, organ meats, some bone, fish, and vegetables given in their raw state. The majority of nutrients — such as amino acids, vitamins, minerals, prebiotics, probiotics, and…

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Coronavirus Vaccine for Dogs

There are two significant strains of canine coronavirus (the respiratory group 2 strain, and the enteric group 1 strain) produce vastly different symptoms. The canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV) is a part of the kennel cough complex and is spread in kennel-like situations where dogs have high contact with one another or infected surfaces. It is…

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Dramatic Differences Between Adenoviruses in Dogs

Several strains of adenovirus exist, but two clinically significant adenovirus types have been identified in dogs: adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1) and adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2). Interestingly, these two adenoviruses are spread similarly, but the resulting diseases are vastly different.   Both adenoviruses are spread from dog-to-dog interactions through infected respiratory secretions or contact with contaminated…

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Herpesvirus in Dogs and The Fading Puppy Syndrome

It is estimated that at least 70% of the canine population is infected with the canine herpesvirus (CHV) , which generally does not cause clinically significant illness. However, the mortality rate of newborn puppies – that acquire the disease – is estimated at 100%. Indeed, CHV rapidly invades the entire body, affecting all organs, the…

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