Top 10 Facts on Vaccines

1. “Core” vaccines important for puppies and kittens. 2. Other vaccines optional depending on location and lifestyle. 3. Annual boosters not required and usually unnecessary/unwise. 4. Vaccination may not equate to immunization; check serum titers to validate. 5. Long-term protection from canine distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus; feline panleukopenia. 6. Measure serum antibody (vaccine titers) instead annually…

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Dramatic Differences Between Adenoviruses in Dogs

Several strains of adenovirus exist, but two clinically significant adenovirus types have been identified in dogs: adenovirus type 1 (CAV-1) and adenovirus type 2 (CAV-2). Interestingly, these two adenoviruses are spread similarly, but the resulting diseases are vastly different.   Both adenoviruses are spread from dog-to-dog interactions through infected respiratory secretions or contact with contaminated…

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