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Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Dogs and Cats

    Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT; alternatively Microbiome Restorative Therapy) is a procedure in which fecal matter is collected from a tested donor, mixed with a saline or other solution, strained, and placed in a patient, by colonoscopy, endoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or enema. The purpose of fecal transplant is to replace good bacteria that have been…

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MDR1 Gene Mutation in Dogs and Cats

The MDR1 Gene Mutation is fairly easy to understand. However, many of the descriptive scientific labels may seem quite complex, so we shall simplify them here. Polypeptide – Linear polymer of many amino-acids bonded together in a chain, forming part of (or the whole of) a protein molecule. Glycoprotein – Any proteins that have carbohydrate…

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The Debates Swirling Around Microchipping of Animals

Microchipping of companion animals is a topic that reflects several heightened issues the United States and the rest of the world are wrestling with these days, including regulation, guardian’s rights and the animal’s health. Implanted microchips emit radio frequencies upon scanning the area that convey an identification number. If the frequencies between the scanner and…

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Leptospirosis in Dogs

    Reports of cases of leptospirosis have increased recently across the United States. Consequently, I am hearing concern from pet caregivers about whether they should or should not have their companion dogs vaccinated against leptospirosis. Let’s take a moment here to review leptospirosis disease, causes, symptoms, the vaccines, and treatment options. Other issues surrounding…

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Common Intestinal Worms in Dogs and Cats

    The following is a quick reference guide for pet caregivers about intestinal worms found in dogs and cats. At the end, I have provided my thoughts on treatment options. Roundworms – Intestinal Parasite How it is contracted Most dogs and cats can be exposed to and many are afflicted with roundworms at some…

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Leishmaniasis: The Disease and Scientific Developments

    Leishmaniasis is of significant disease concern, especially in warmer tropical climates, and it is spreading because of global warming. With only a few incidents reported in North America, the majority of our readers do not currently have to worry about leishmaniasis based on their geographical location. Due to travel and climate change, however,…

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Tularemia (Rabbit Fever) and Pets

Tularemia is a rare disease, although we consider its prevalence to be rare based on the small number of reported cases and possibly mistaking it for another disease that manifests similar symptoms. Companion pets should be tested for it if they exhibit symptoms of the disease based on region they live in and lifestyle. Tularemia…

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